René Dubos was a French-American microbiologist, experimental pathologist and environmentalist who made several significant contributions to microbiology and public health, including the discovery of the first naturally occurring antibiotic, gramicidin.
He is credited for having made famous the environmental maxim: "Think globally, act locally."
His work on the development of the first effective tuberculosis treatment, which he began in the 1940s.
Additionally, Dubos was known for his research on the human microbiome and the role of environmental factors in shaping human health. He also played a key role in the development of the field of environmental microbiology.
Award of the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement.